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Mr. McAuley

Garden City High School


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US History 11/11R

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Document Based Question:

Progressive Movement

This task is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents and is based on the accompanying documents (15). Some of the documents have been edited for the purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of each document and any point of view that may be presented in the document.

Directions: This document-based question consists of two parts: Part A and Part B. In Part A, you are to read each document and answer the question or questions that follow the document. In Part B, you are to write an essay based on the information in the documents and your knowledge of United States history.

Historical Context: As the United States transformed into an industrialized nation, the effects of this massive change were felt at all levels of society. Industrialization had long-term social, economic, and political effects on American society.

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of United States history and government, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to discuss the social, economic, and political reactions to industrialization and urbanization in the United States from 1890 to 1920.

PART A: SHORT ANSWER

Document #1
     "Today three-fourths of [New York's] people live in tenements. ... The gang is the ripe fruit of tenement-house growth. It was born there, endowed with a heritage of instinctive hostility to restraint by a generation that sacrificed home to freedom, or left its country for its country's good. ... New York's tough represents the essence of reaction against the old and the new oppression, nursed in the rank soil of its slums."
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives, 1890

  • According to Jacob Riis, what problems developed as a result of urbanization? 

Document #2
     "I insist that the true object of all true education is not to make men carpenters, it is to make carpenters men. ... The Talented Tenth of the Negro race must be made leaders of thought and missionaries of culture among their people. No others can do this work and Negro colleges must train men for it."
W.E.B. Du Bois

  • According to Du Bois, what should be the role of African Americans in society? 

Document #3

Reform Before the Reform After the Reform
Primary Party leaders pick candidates for state and local offices Voters select party's candidates
Initiative Only members of state legislatures can introduce bills Voters can put bills before state legislatures
Referendum Only legislators pass laws Voters can vote on bills directly
Recall Only courts or legislatures can remove corrupt officials Voters can remove elected officials from office
  • State one way in which Progressive legislation granted citizens greater participation in state governments. 

Document #4
     "It shall be unlawful for any person engaged in commerce...to discriminate in price between different purchasers of commodities of like grade and quality...where the effect of such discrimination may be substantially to lessen competition or tend to create a monopoly. ...
     "No person engaged in commerce...shall acquire...the whole or any part of the stock...where in any line of commerce or in any activity affecting commerce in any section of the country, the effect of such acquisition may be substantially to lessen competition, or to tend to create a monopoly."
Clayton Antitrust Act

  • What effect did the Clayton Antitrust Act have on monopolies such as Standard Oil? 

Document #5
Value of United States Exports, 18701920 value of U.S. exports in billions

  • Based on this graph and your knowledge of United States history, how did industrialization affect the activity of American businesses in international markets? 

PART B: ESSAY

Directions: Using information from the documents provided, and your knowledge of United States history, write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Historical Context: As the United States transformed into an industrialized nation, the effects of this massive change were felt at all levels of society. Industrialization had long-term social, economic, and political effects on American society.

Task: Using information from the documents and your knowledge of United States history and government, write an essay in which you:

  • What were the social, economic, and political reactions to industrialization and urbanization in American from 1890 to 1920?

Guidelines: When writing your essay, be sure to

  • address all aspects of the Task by accurately analyzing and interpreting at least four documents.
  • incorporate information from the documents in the body of the essay.
  • incorporate relevant outside information throughout the essay.
  • richly support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details.
  • write a well-developed essay that consistently demonstrates a logical and clean plan of organization.
  • introduce the theme by establishing a framework that is beyond a simple restatement of the Task or Historical Context and conclude the essay with a summation of the theme.

 

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This site is maintained by Scott McAuley, Social Studies teacher at Garden City High School, Garden City, New YorkContact at smcauley@systec.com

Scott McAuley.
Copyright 1999 [Garden City Schools]. All rights reserved.
Revised: September 04, 2007 .

Weekly Outline-AP US | Test Review-AP US | Links | Web Assignments  | NYS Standards | DBQs | Garden City Schools

This site is maintained by Scott McAuley, Social Studies teacher at Garden City High School, Garden City, New York
Contact at mcauleys@gcufsd.net

Scott McAuley.
Copyright 1999 [Garden City Schools]. All rights reserved.
Revised: October 11, 2007 .